UPDATE: Endaga was acquired by Facebook in October, 2015.
We've been working on rural communications for a long time. We started as researchers in UC Berkeley's Technology and Infrastructure for Emerging Regions (TIER) group, where we developed the initial technology that would become Endaga.
In TIER, we took a multidisciplinary look at the problem of building rural cellular networks, drawing on our experience in computer science, design, and international development. The idea of Community Cellular emerged from this environment: locally-owned, small-scale, independent cellular networks, run by and for rural communities.
We built the first community cellular network in a rural village in Papua, Indonesia, in early 2013, with support from USAID and the Blum Center for Developing Economies. That first network is still running today, and today we continue to add new networks, constantly bringing connectivity to new users and communities worldwide.